The National : NATIONAL AUG SEPT OCT 2015
50 THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL DRYCLEANER & LAUNDERER AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER 2015 LYNDALL DAvIDGE HAHNDORF PIONEER WOMENS TRAIL Lyndall Davidge opened by acknowledging the traditional custodians of the land, the Peramangk, an Indigenous Australian people whose tradi- tional lands are primarily located in the Adelaide Hills, but also in the southern stretches of the Fleurieu Peninsula, South Australia. Peramangk country extends from the Barossa Valley in the north, south to Myponga, east to Mannum and west to the Mount Lofty Ranges. The Pioneer Women’s Trail honours the early European settlers of Hahndorf who supplied Adelaide with fresh produce at a time when most foodstuffs had to be imported into South Australia. From 1838, when the South Australia colony was just two years old, Lutheran refugees from Prussia had settled in the Adelaide Hills forming the village of Hahndorf. Women and girls carrying baskets of vegetables and dairy products on their backs, or on yokes across their shoulders, left the village at midnight to walk the rough bush track to Adelaide 35 km away. At about 4.00 am the women reached a stream in the foothills near Beaumont which became a favourite place to rest, wash their sore feet and tidy themselves before walking into Adelaide to hawk their wares. Their load on the homeward journey contained sewing thread, needles, sugar, tea, some tobacco for the menfolk and two bricks each for building the new church in Hahndorf. As more villages were established in the hills, their inhabitants also followed the Trail with goods on their backs. This manner of provisioning Adelaide continued until the late 1850s. In 1980 six members of the Hahndorf Branch of the National Trust of South Australia followed a map produced on 18 June 1841 by surveyor F R Nixon showing this Trail. The first public walk along its full length took place on the 20 April 1980 as part of the National Trust’s Silver Jubilee celebrations. At approximately 22km long, the Pioneer Women’s Trail is designed for walkers mainly following country roads, laneways and bush tracks through a delightful section of the Adelaide Hills with historic homes, deciduous trees and native bushland. In more recent times, women and men of Hahndorf have held strong and Lyndall had fond memories of the National Trust - Hahndorf Branch in the 1970s, when they stood in front of bulldozers refusing to allow their local heritage to be torn down. Early Greenies in action. Historically South Australia was a free colony, no convicts, and the only planned city in Australia not planned for British. Kaiser Wilhelm had decided to have everyone reading from he same liturgy. Totally opposed to this were the Lutherans, who objected and were persecuted. (And I mean seriously - farms taken, books burned.) But they held fast that no one should come between a person and God, and certainly not the State. As a result the 'Old Lutherans' who wanted to use the 'Old Liturgy' or 'Old Agenda' were forced to meet in private and decided to leave their homeland for the new world. A place to worship in peace was sought. The choice of South Australia was no doubt expedited by the fact that a loan at an appropriate rate of interest was forthcoming for this purpose from the dissident English philanthropist George Fife Angas. In March 1839 Hahndorf was established. Fifty four families netted 250 acres each, the blocks were drawn by lottery from a hat. In 1914 life changed forever for these Australian Germans. As “aliens” they were sent to internment camps on Torres Island. No longer allowed to speak Deutsch, German Lutheran schools closed, and children went to the local primary. Sixty four place names were changed to more Anglicised names. You can imagine, as fourth generation Australians of good standing and good citizens who had contributed to their country, they were quite upset by it all. The following link is offered to further your education on this interesting topic. http://www.thegermanclub.com. au/about-us/german-history-in- SA.php Lyndall Davidge is very passionate and knowledgeable about the history of her beloved Hahndorf.
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